Unemployment can be defined away
The definition of employment and unemployment differs from country to country. A comparative historical perspective shows the political context - how the problem is presented and how its constituent parts change - steers our understanding and that the standard views of employment no longer are relevant in countries like the US or France, examples which social historian Noel Whiteside has been looking at.
Workplace cooperation key to Nordic model's success
Many wonder how the Nordic countries manage so well through the economic crisis. It is often said it is because of their economic policies, yet the reality is more complex. This year marks 50 years since Norway’s employees (organised in LO) and employers (organised in NHO) began their cooperation project. Bjørn Gustavsen takes a look at how autonomy and workplace learning became central to the project:
"It is incredibly nice to be able to help one or more people get a good life, regain their self respect and a good social position that they are happy with."